Im Jahre 1241 wurde die Stadt durch einen Ansturm der Mongolen der Goldenen Horde vernichtet. MEDIA MARKT LEGNICA NAJNOWSZE GAZETKI ORAZ PROMOCJE TYLKO U NAS Najlepsi pracownicy i Najlepszy Towar :) [13] In 1374, the potters' guild was founded, as one of the oldest in Silesia. [citation needed]. Between 1 June 1975 and 31 December 1998 Legnica was the capital of the Legnica Voivodeship. In the city there are 20 regular bus lines, 1 belt-line, 2 night lines and 3 suburban. Dendrochronological research proves that during the reign of Mieszko I of Poland, a new fortified settlement was built here in a style typical of the early Piast dynasty. Legnica became famous for the battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the First Mongol invasion of Poland. There is a Special Economic Zone in Legnica, where Lenovo was going to open a factory in summer 2008.[27][28]. It is currently the seat of the county and since 1992 the city has been the seat of a Diocese. 6 użytkowników tu było. Legnica is one of the historical burial sites of Polish monarchs and consorts. Slavic Lechitic tribes moved into the area in the 8th century. ! Among them, the most interesting are the Medieval castle and Lubiaz Abbot House, which hosts the Musuem of Copper. For a short period of time, it was the capital of the province, as Wroclaw had been mostly destroyed. [23] The last Soviet units left the city in 1993. In 1633 a plague epidemic broke out, and in 1634 the Austrian army destroyed the suburbs. Legnica is also visited as a transit town with the A4 Motorway (with easy access to Krakow excursions) and E65 running through it. The Mongols killed Henry and destroyed his forces, then turned south to rejoin the rest of the Mongol armies, which were massing at the Plain of Mohi in Hungary via Moravia against a coalition of King Bela IV and his armies, and Bela's Kipchak allies. Media Markt. Legnica is noted for its parks and gardens, and has seven hundred hectares of green space, mostly along the banks of the Kaczawa; the Tarninow district is particularly attractive.[29]. z o. o. informuje, że wszystkie treści ukazujące się w serwisie Nasze Miasto … Legnica [lɛɡˈɲit͡sa] (listen) (German: Liegnitz, Czech: Lehnice, Latin: Lignitium) is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River (left tributary of the Oder) and the Czarna Woda. D. Zahavi) – 2008[2] Its military garrison was home to Königsgrenadier-Regiment Nr. Legnica TOURISM 20.11 - 10.12.2020. One of two main routes connecting Warsaw and Dresden ran through the city in the 18th century and Kings Augustus II the Strong and Augustus III of Poland traveled that route many times. In 1675 it was incorporated into Habsburg ruled Kingdom of Bohemia. Unfortunately, such a growth rate can not be maintained long. F.Fromm) – 2009. The German population was expelled from the city between 1945 and 1947 and it was repopulated with Poles, many of whom were expelled from pre-war eastern Poland after its annexation by the Soviet Union. These were first established in July 1945, when the Soviets forcibly ejected newly arrived Polish inhabitants from the parts of the city they wanted for their own use. Until the winter of 2003, the longest train service in Poland ran from Katowice to Legnica (via Kędzierzyn-Koźle, Nysa, and Jaworzyna Śląska). Situated in an attractive region of Lower Silesia, Legnica is one of the first known Polish towns, though it now plays the role of a local provincial centre. Przebacz (dir. [citation needed] The city began to rapidly develop after the sudden discovery of gold in the Kaczawa River between Legnica and the town of Złotoryja. This fact had a strong influence on the life of the city. In recent years Legnica has been frequently used as a film set for the following films as a result of its well preserved German-built old town, proximity to Germany and low costs: Tacitus and Ptolemy recorded the ancient nation of Lugii (Lygii) in the area, and mentioned their town of Lugidunum, which has been attributed to both Legnica[7] and Głogów.[8]. Eine erste Erwähnung des Ortes stammt aus dem Jahre 1004. Legnica houses industrial plants belonging to KGHM Polska Miedź, one of the largest producers of copper and silver in the world. First mentioned in 1149, it received city laws about a century later. We expect proposals buyer. Legnica has two faces: it is an ancient city with a multicultural past and an abundance of historical sights, and also a modern economic centre of the copper industry. Nasz domek znajduje się w miłej i cichej okolicy, Małuszowie Do wynajęcia dom z 9 pokojami (27 osób) 10 pokoi 2-3 osobowe i jeden 5 osobowy Pokoje wyposażone w: TV Łazienki Duże aneksy kuchenne INTERNET - WIFI DODATKOWO: Parking zamykany strzeżony Altanka + grill DOM ZNAJDUJĘ SIĘ W MIEJSCOWOŚCI MAŁUSZÓW - SUPER LOKALIZACJA - 7 km do Jawora - 8 km do Legnicy - 5 km do … In the 19th Century, Legnica developed into a modern capitalist town within the borders of Prussia (and later Germany). Legnica ([lɛɡˈɲit͡sa] (listen); German: Liegnitz, Czech: Lehnice, Latin: Lignitium) is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River (left tributary of the Oder) and the Czarna Woda. Wilki (dir. Ryszard Dzieszyńsk, page 52, Bellona 2009, Dehio - Handbuch der Kunstdenkmäler in Polen: Schlesien, After invasions of Celts beyond upper Danube, List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland, "*** LEGNICA *** ZAMEK W LEGNICY *** LEGNICA ***", https://www.um.olawa.pl/attachments/article/601/Polish%20Cities%20of%20the%20Future%202015_16.pdf, "Dolny Śląsk najbogatszy w Polsce, a Wrocław zaraz za Warszawą (RANKING NAJBOGATSZYCH) - Gazetawroclawska.pl", "Brzytwy sprzed 3 tysięcy lat w grobach kowali", "Od miasta lokacyjnego do końca czasów piastowskich", "Legnica - Tablica pamiątkowa poświęcona ułanom Legii Nadwiślańskiej", "65. rocznica wyzwolenia Legnicy - foto relacja", "Lenovo scraps investment plan in Poland", Map of Silesia with town of Li(e)gnitz in 1600, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legnica&oldid=990492907, Cities and towns in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, the Piast Castle, former seat of the local dukes of the, former Dominican and later Benedictine monastery, founded by, Saint John the Baptist church with a mausoleum of the last Piast dukes, Medieval Chojnów and Głogów Gates, remnants of the medieval city walls, Park Miejski ("City Park"), the oldest and largest park of Legnica, Foreign Language Teacher Training College in Legnica, Marzena Kipiel-Sztuka (born 1965), actress, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 20:00. CENTRUM WYPRZEDAŻOWE - TANIEJ NAWET DO 80% !! On 1 April 1937 parts of the Landkreis of Liegnitz communities of Alt Beckern, Groß Beckern, Hummel, Liegnitzer Vorwerke, Pfaffendorf und Prinkendorf were incorporated into the city of Liegnitz. After the defeat of Nazi Germany during World War II, Liegnitz and all of Silesia east of the Neisse was transferred to Poland following the Potsdam Conference in 1945. The dynamic town of Legnica is mostly known as a minor industrial centre with several copper processing plants. Legnica tends to be a left-of-center town with a considerable influence of workers' unions. [13] Around 1278 a Dominican monastery was founded by Bolesław II the Horned,[13] who was buried there as the only monarch of Poland to be buried in Legnica. After being seriously damaged during World War II, Legnica was incorporated into Poland and gradually rebuilt. The history of Legnica starts as early as the 9th Century, when the centre of the copper industry emerged there, but there were ancient settlements on this site even earlier, described by Ptolemy. After invasions of Celts beyond upper Danube basin, the area of Legnica and north foothills of Sudetes was infiltrated by Celtic settlers and traders. [22], The city was only partly damaged in World War II. There are also many old churches, including St. John’s, St. Peter’s and Paul’s and St. Mary’s. An open question of price . [13], In 1668 Duke of Legnica Christian presented his candidacy to the Polish throne, however, in the 1669 Polish–Lithuanian royal election he wasn't chose as King. For much of the period, the city was divided into Polish and Soviet areas, with the latter closed to the public. The city suffered during the Thirty Years' War. Subsequently, it was part of German Empire from 1871, and later Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany until the end of World War II, when majority of Lower Silesia east of the Neisse (Nysa), was transferred to Poland under border changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference in 1945, when Poland was granted the Recovered Territories. The Silesian wars in the 18th Century fortunately excluded Legnica. Zwischen 1242 und 1252 wurde die Stadt neu gegründet. On 1 January 1874 Liegnitz became the third city in Lower Silesia (after Breslau and Görlitz) to be raised to an urban district, although the district administrator of the surrounding Landkreis of Liegnitz continued to have his seat in the city. Legnica was the capital of a separate duchy ruled by Piast princes under the Czech Crown for a very long period of time – the last ruler of the Piast dynasty died in 1675. [13] Queen consort of Poland Hedwig of Sagan died in Legnica in 1390 and was buried in the local collegiate church, which has not survived to this day.[14]. RTV i AGD. In 1742 the city was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia after King Frederick the Great's victory over Austria in the War of the Austrian Succession. Aktualne gazetki i promocje - Media Markt In June 1945 Legnica was briefly the capital of the Lower Silesian (Wrocław) Voivodship, after the administration was moved there from Trzebnica and before it was finally moved to Wrocław. Its copper processing traditions were resurrected in 1950. Until 1990, the town was the headquarters of the Northern Group of Forces of the Soviet Army that were deployed in Poland. M. Stacharski) – 2005 Zobacz najciekawsze publikacje na temat: Media Markt Legnica. The town has an airport (airport code EPLE) with a 1600-metre runway, the remains of a former Soviet air base, but it is (as of 2007[update]) in a poor state and not used for commercial flights. [17], In the 1950s and 1960s the local copper and nickel industries became a major factor in the economic development of the area. In the 16th Century, Legnica became a centre of the Protestant movement. [13] Duke Bolesław III the Generous granted new trade privileges in 1314 and 1318 and allowed the construction of a town hall, and in 1337 the first waterworks were built. Die herrschenden Herzöge der folgenden Zeit waren Boleslaus I. und dessen Sohn Heinrich I. von Schlesien. In 1992 the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legnica was established, Tadeusz Rybak became the first bishop of Legnica. The first map of Silesia was made by native son Martin Helwig. Legnica is situated in the Lower Silesian Province, it takes about an hour of driving to make a trip to Wroclaw. It also constitutes the southernmost and the largest urban center of a copper deposit (Legnicko-Głogowski Okręg Miedziowy) with agglomeration of 448,617 inhabitants. The ejection was perceived by some as a particularly brutal action, and rumours circulated exaggerating its severity, though no evidence of anyone being killed in the course of it has come to light. [26] New local newspapers and a radio station were founded in the 1990s. W. Krzystek) – 2008 As of 2019, Legnica had a population of 99,350 inhabitants.[1]. 5.3K likes. By 1990 only a handful of Polonized Germans, prewar citizens of Liegnitz, remained of the pre-1945 German population. The fire decreased the number of inhabitants in the city and halted any significant further development for many decades. Die Wölfe (dir. [13], The Protestant Reformation was introduced in the duchy as early as 1522 and the population became Lutheran. NASZA FIRMA Szanowni Państwo Serdecznie witamy na naszych stronach - mamy nadzieję, że znajdziecie Państwo w oferowanym przez nas asortymencie produkty których poszukujecie. Eine Ausstellung im Kupfermuseum berichtet davon. The find indicates a time interval about year 1000 BC.[6]. Legnica Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,110 reviews of Legnica Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Legnica resource. In 1258 at the church of St. Peter, a parish school was established, probably the first of its kind in Poland. The town suffered seriously during the Thirty Years’ War, never again reaching its previous level of prosperity. Zapraszamy od poniedziałku do soboty w godzinach 9.00-21.00, a w wybrane niedziele 9:30-20:00. In 2010 the city celebrated the 65th anniversary of the "return of Legnica to Poland" and its liberation from the Nazis. Among the landmarks of Legnica are: There is also a monument of Pope John Paul II and a postal milestone of King Augustus II the Strong from 1725 in Legnica. The city was first referenced in chronicles dating from the year 1004,[2] although previous settlements could be traced back to the 7th century. [13] In 1528 the first printing house in Legnica was established. Legnica became renowned for the fierce battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the first Mongol invasion of Poland. Legnica, along with other Silesian duchies, became a vassal of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the 14th century and was included within the multi-ethnic Holy Roman Empire, however remained ruled by local dukes of the Polish Piast dynasty. Media Markt BLACK WEEK 2020. In April 1946 city officials estimated that there were 16,700 Poles, 12,800 Germans, and 60,000 Soviets in Legnica. The city began to expand quickly after the discovery of gold in the Kaczawa River between Legnica and Złotoryja (Goldberg). After the Treaty of Versailles following World War I, Liegnitz was part of the newly created Province of Lower Silesia from 1919 to 1938, then of the Province of Silesia from 1938 to 1941, and again of the Province of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945. [10] It is mentioned in 1149 when the High Duke of Poland Bolesław IV the Curly funded a chapel at the St. Benedict monastery. [13], Silesian aristocracy was trained at the Liegnitz Ritter-Akademie, established in the early 18th century. The company owns a large copper mill on the western outskirts of town. The last Piast Duke was buried in the St. John's church in Legnica in 1676. In 1760 during the Seven Years' War, Liegnitz was the site of the Battle of Liegnitz when Frederick's army defeated an Austrian army led by Laudon. Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Legnica-Jelenia Gora constituency: Legnica and its then ruler Count Conrad figures prominently in the alternate history series The Crosstime Engineer, set in the period of 1230 to 1270, by Leo Frankowski. Legnica has two faces: it is an ancient city with a multicultural past and an abundance of historical sights, and also a modern economic centre of the copper industry. RTV i AGD. The transfer to Poland decided at Potsdam in 1945 was officially recognized by East Germany in 1950, by West Germany under Chancellor Willy Brandt in the Treaty of Warsaw signed in 1970, and finally by the reunited Germany by the Two Plus Four Agreement in 1990. Media Markt Legnica - gazetki promocyjne i godziny otwarcia. Also Greeks, refugees of the Greek Civil War, settled in Legnica in 1950. Then the area fell under Habsburg and later Hohenzollern rule. After the administrative reorganization of the Prussian state following the Congress of Vienna, Liegnitz and the surrounding territory (Landkreis Liegnitz) were incorporated into the Regierungsbezirk (administrative district) of Liegnitz, within the Province of Silesia on 1 May 1816. [15] In 1505, Duke Frederick II of Legnica met in Legnica with the Duke of nearby Głogów, Sigismund I the Old, the future king of Poland. The Municipal Council of Legnica (Rada miejska miasta Legnica) is the legislative branch of the local government and is composed of 25 members elected in local elections every five years. The Christian army of the Polish duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia, supported by feudal nobility, which included in addition to Poles, Bavarian miners and military orders and Czech troops, was decisively defeated by the Mongols. Moje życie (dir. In 1742 most of Silesia, including Liegnitz, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia after King Frederick the Great's defeat of Austria in the War of the Austrian Succession. During the Napoleonic Wars and Polish national liberation fights, in 1807 Polish uhlans were stationed in the city,[18] and in 1813, the Prussians, under Field Marshal Blücher, defeated the French forces of MacDonald in the Battle of Katzbach (Kaczawa) nearby. Land developer in Legnica . Legnica has also a district, which is a part of national road no 3. 76 721 23 52, fax 76 721 21 15, e-mail: bok(at)legnica.eu; webmaster(at)legnica.eu, Bank Pekao S.A. I/ Oddział Legnica 40 1240 1473 1111 0000 2521 2040 REGON 390 647 251, NIP 691 00 11 742 Redakcja portalu | Polityka prywatności | Marka Miasta | Deklaracja dostępności [16] The postal milestone of King Augustus II comes from that period.[17]. It has over 100,000 inhabitants, being the third largest city of the province. [11] Legnica was the most likely place of residence for Bolesław[12] and it became the residence of the High Dukes of Poland in 1163[2] and was the seat of a principality ruled from 1248 until 1675. eTravel S.A. The city was first officially mentioned in chronicles from 1004,[9] although settlement dates to the 7th century. [3] According to the Foreign direct investment ranking (FDI) from 2016, Legnica is one of the most progressive high-income cities in the Silesian region.[4][5]. The mayor or town president (Prezydent miasta) is the executive branch of the local government and is directly elected in the same municipal elections. 19.11 - 25.11.2020. Browse the catalog of. In 1676, Legnica passed to direct Habsburg rule after the death of the last Silesian Piast duke and the last Piast duke overall, George William (son of Duke Christian), despite the earlier inheritance pact by Brandenburg and Silesia, by which it was to go to Brandenburg. After the Nazis came to power in Germany, as early as 1933, a boycott of local Jewish premises was ordered, and in 1938 the synagogue was burned down. As the capital of the Duchy of Legnica at the beginning of the 14th century, Legnica was one of the most important cities of Central Europe, having a population of nearly 16,000 residents. However, Legnica also has many historical sights that are traces of its long history. Already by 1300 there was a city council in Legnica. The dynamic town of Legnica is mostly known as a minor industrial centre with several copper processing plants. Legnica is a city with rich historical architecture, ranging from Romanesque and Gothic through the Renaissance and Baroque to Historicist styles. Legnica is an economic, cultural and academic centre in Lower Silesia, together with Wrocław. To tutaj w wygodnej lokalizacji znajdziecie wszystko, co dla Was ważne. Anonyma – Eine Frau in Berlin (dir. Legnica is the largest city of the conurbation and is a member of the Association of Polish Cities. To the south of Legnica is the A4 motorway. The city is renowned for its varied architecture, spanning from early medieval to modern period, and its preserved Old Town with the Piast Castle, one of the largest in Poland. Legnica ist Kreisstadt des Powiat Legnicki und auch der Sitz des katholischen Bistums Legnica. [13] In 1345 the first coins were produced in the local mint. M. Färberböck) – 2007 The Christian coalition under the command of the Polish Duke Henry II the Pious, supported by nobles, knights, and mercenaries, was decisively defeated by the Mongols. [21] As the medieval Polish name Lignica was considered archaic, the town was renamed Legnica. Shortly after the city reached its maximum population increase, wooden buildings which had been erected during this period of rapid growth were devastated by a huge fire. Urząd Miasta Legnica, Plac Słowiański 8, 59-220 Legnica, tel. The Old Town district of Legnica has a nice market square with a Baroque Town Hall in its middle. Legnica is a regional academic center with seven universities enrolling approximately 16,000 students. RTV i AGD. Legnica is believed to be the hometown of Vitello (1230-1280), outstanding physicist, scientist and philosopher of the Middle Ages. [20] During World War II, the Germans established two forced labour camps in the city, as well as two prisoner of war labor subcamps of the prisoner of war camp located in Żagań (then Sagan). Archaeological research conducted in eastern Legnica in late 1970s, showed the existence of a bronze foundry and the graves of three metallurgists. The area of the town is crossed by three rivers: the Kaczawa, the Czarna Woda and the Wierzbak. F. Fromm) – 2007 Media Markt - aktualne promocje. Another noteworthy building is the Jesuits’ College. As of 31 December 2012[update] Legnica has 102,708 inhabitants and is the third largest city in the voivodeship (after Wrocław and Wałbrzych) and 38th in Poland. As of 2019, Legnica had a population of 99,350 inhabitants. Among them, the most interesti… Nasza oferta ułatwi udane codzienne zakupy. Outlet Market Legnica. [25] In October 1956, the largest anti-Soviet demonstrations in Lower Silesia took place in Legnica. The census of 1910 gave Liegnitz's population as 95.86% German, 0.15% German and Polish, 1.27% Polish, 2.26% Wendish, and 0.19% Czech. During the High Middle Ages, Legnica was one of the most important cities of Central Europe, having a population of nearly 16,000 inhabitants. 7 a military unit formed almost exclusively out of Polish soldiers.[19]. [26] In 1997, Legnica was visited by Pope John Paul II. [13] In the years 1327–1380 a new Gothic church of Saint Peter (today's Cathedral) was erected in place of the old one,[13] and is one of Legnica's landmarks since. Along with the rest of Prussia, the town became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the unification of Germany. It is currently the seat of the county and since 1992 the city has been the seat of a Diocese. [26] The city suffered in the 1997 Central European flood.[26]. Aleje Jerozolimskie 142B, 02-305 Warsaw, Poland, Would you like to visit Legnica? Between 1 June 1975 and 31 December 1998 Legnica was the capital of the Legnica Voivodeship. However, Legnica also has many historical sights that are traces of its long history. In 1993, the last Russian soldier left Legnica. Little Moscow (dir. [23] In 1947, the Municipal Library was opened, in 1948 a piano factory was founded, and in the years 1951-1959 Poland's first copper smelter was built in Legnica. [citation needed] Legnica is a city over which the Piast dynasty reigned the longest, for about 700 years, from the time of ruler Mieszko I of Poland after the creation of the Polish state in the 10th century, until 1675 and the death of the last Piast duke George William.