[36] and the enduring instability in the Rif still threatened Melilla. Melilla, just like Ceuta and Spain's other remaining territories in Africa, is subject to an irredentist claim by Morocco. Ceuta cuenta con una población de aproximadamente 85.000 habitantes en un territorio de 19 km2. Si Marruecos dejara de atajar la inmigración ilegal, Ceuta, Melilla y España tendrían un grave problema. [19][20] No big-scale expansion into the Kingdom of Fez ensued, and, barring the enterprises of the Cardinal Cisneros along the coast in Mers El Kébir and Oran (in the Algerian coast), and the rock of Badis (this one in the territorial scope of the Kingdom of Fez), the imperial impetus of the Hispanic Monarchy was eventually directed elsewhere, to the Italian Wars waged against France, and, particularly since 1519,[21] to the newly discovered continent across the Atlantic. This fear over African migrants is seen by many as the main factor leading to the rise of Vox, Spain's populist party. However, Morocco has made numerous claims to the territories since gaining independence. In 2002, the dispute turned violent after a small group of Moroccan soldiers set up camp on the Spanish-controlled Parsley Island, 200 metres off the coast of mainland Morocco. In both cases, the national governments and local populations of the disputed territories reject these claims by a large majority. Coils of razor blades top some of the fences that surround the two autonomous towns, which as territories of Spain form the only direct land borders between Europe and Africa. Melilla is a surfing destination. The border is secured by the Melilla border fence, a six-metre-tall double fence with watch towers; yet migrants (in groups of tens or sometimes hundreds) storm the fence and manage to cross it from time to time. Copyright © Dennis Publishing Limited 2020. 10 chief, NHS chief hails ‘gamechanger’ blood test for cancer. Unlike the municipal government boards in the standard ayuntamientos, the members of the Council of Government (including the Vice-Presidents) do not need to be members of the assembly. Los periódicos diarios de Ceuta y Melilla. In the 1930s, Spanish troops garrisoned in the two cities played a major role in future dictator Francisco Franco’s uprising against their government. [70] The Spanish position states that both Ceuta and Melilla are integral parts of Spain, and have been since the 16th century, centuries prior to Morocco's independence from France in 1956, whereas Gibraltar, being a British Overseas Territory, is not and never has been part of the United Kingdom. [57] There are some special manufacturing taxes regarding electricity and transport, as well as complementary charges on tobacco and oil and fuel products.[58]. Ceuta and Melilla: why does Spain own two cities in Africa. Nieto was in charge of designing the main Synagogue, the Central Mosque and various Catholic Churches. El 12 de marzo anunció el cierre de las fronteras terrerestres con Ceuta y Melilla para luchar contra la pandemia del coronavirus. As centuries passed, it was ruled by Vandal, Byzantine and Hispano-Visigothic bands. [29], The Treaty of Peace with Morocco that followed the 1859–60 War entailed the acquisition of a new city perimetre for Melilla, bringing its area to the 12 km2 the city currently stands. Addir meant "powerful". [47], The president of Melilla (who, often addressed as Mayor-President, also exerts the roles of Mayor, president of the Assembly, president of the Council of Government and representative of the city)[48] is invested by the Assembly. [68] The city's football club, UD Melilla, plays in the third tier of Spanish football, the Segunda División B. The conflict was also known as the Margallo War, after Spanish General Juan García y Margallo, who was killed in the battle, and was the Governor of Melilla. The Duke of Medina Sidonia, Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán promoted the seizure of the city, to be headed by Pedro de Estopiñán [es], while the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon endorsed the initiative, also providing the assistance of their artillery officer Francisco Ramírez de Madrid during the operation. The Week™ is a registered trade mark. Madrid asserts that both territories are integral parts of Spain and have the same status as the semi-autonomous districts on its mainland, such as the Basque and Catalan regions. [31], In 1893, the Rif Berbers launched the First Melillan campaign to take back this area; Spain sent 25,000 Spanish soldiers to defend against them. Spanish operators Air Europa and Iberia operate in Melilla's airport. [35] The French occupation of Oujda in 1907, compromised the Melillan trade with that city. [60], Melilla has been praised as an example of multiculturalism, being a small city in which one can find Christians, Muslims, Jews and Hindus represented. Angry Conservatives say tier system is ‘authoritarian’, ‘Clean skin’ former Treasury man named as No. Ceuta (Aussprache: [ˈθeuta][2], arabisch سبتة, DMG Sabta; tamazight ⵙⴰⴱⵜⴰ) ist eine spanische Stadt an der nordafrikanischen Küste und der Straße von Gibraltar mit etwa 85.144 Einwohnern (Stand 1. Fernando Grande-Marlaska, who became Spain’s interior minister earlier this month, has commissioned a report into finding the “least bloody possible” alternative means of preserving border security. Melilla", "Resultados Electorales en Melilla: Elecciones Municipales 2019 en EL PAÍS", "El único diputado de Ciudadanos consigue la presidencia de Melilla tras 19 años de Gobierno del PP", "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018", "Melilla: Where Catalan "Modernisme" Meets North Africa", "Macrobarómetro de octubre 2019, Banco de datos - Document 'Población con derecho a voto en elecciones generales y residente en España, Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla", "BBC News - Hundreds breach Spain enclave border", "African migrants storm into Spanish enclave of Melilla", "Morocco destroys migrant camps near border with Spanish enclave", "Border games: Has Spain found an answer to the populist challenge on migration? Dependientes económicamente y carentes del peso estratégico del que otrora disfrutaron, Ceuta y Melilla siguen poseyendo buena parte de su prestigio histórico y simbólico, particularmente entre las filas del ejército español, sin cuya presencia no se entiende su Historia. [30] Following the declaration of Melilla as free port in 1863, the population began to increase, chiefly by Sephardi jews fleeing from Tetouan who fostered trade in and out the city. An active apicultural location in the past, the name has been related to honey; this is tentatively backed up by two ancient coins featuring a bee as well as the inscriptions .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}RSADR and RSA. Noticias e información diaria en Ceuta y Melilla. The political history is similar to that of towns in the region of the Moroccan Rif and southern Spain. Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being nearby Ceuta. A Spanish policeman patrols the border fence. [49], The Council of Government is the traditional collegiate executive body for parliamentary systems. En Melilla también es muy popular el caldero de pescado, que lleva rape, gallineta, rubio y gambas cocidos con majado de ajos, ñoras, perejil, pimientos y tomate.. Pero si tenemos que escoger un plato que probar en Ceuta y Melilla, te sugerimos el pastel de pescador, que se elabora con varios tipos de pescado, entre ellos el rape, la aguja, las gambas y cigalas. Extracto de la Resolución de 10 de diciembre de 2019, del Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal, por la que se aprueba , por el procedimiento de trámite anticipado, la convocatoria para la concesión, de subvenciones públicas para la ejecución de programas de formación de ámbito territorial exclusivo de Ceuta y de Melilla, dirigidos prioritariamente a las personas ocupadas. [40] It was the first time a Spanish monarch had visited Melilla in 80 years. Melilla (and Ceuta) have declared the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha or Feast of the Sacrifice, as an official public holiday from 2010 onward.